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Bentonite is used in foundry, metallurgy, well drilling slurry, oil, agriculture. Bentonite is also used in chemical industry, environmental protection, zoology construction, ecological construction, building, paper making, textile. Bentonite also can be used in printing & dyeing, ceramics etc. This clay is Civil Engineering grade and suitable for use in engineering projects. It is commonly used for sealing ponds, lakes etc (see below). It is not recommended for cosmetic applications.
When bentonite is mixed with water, the water molecules will enter between the clay plates, forcing them apart. While the plates are dispersed, the bentonite slurry becomes quite fluid. However, on standing the particles become oriented with the negative surfaces of the plates being attracted to the positive edges. Viscosity increases and a gel is formed – a reversible effect known as thixotropy.
A typical empirical formula for bentonite is:
(Al, Fe0.67 Mg0.33) Si4O10(OH)2Na,Ca0.33
USES FOR BENTONITE:
Bentonite For Sealing Ponds:
Sodium Calcium Bentonite clay swells up to eighteen times its dry size when it becomes wet. Expanded bentonite forms an impermeable gel seal which makes an excellent pond sealant. Bentonite is environmentally safe and does not affect the water, livestock, or wildlife. When properly applied, it will not harm fish. For these qualities, bentonite also makes an excellent liner for new pond construction.
When sealing a leaking pond to prevent water loss through seepage, Bentonite can be applied directly to the soil in the pond bottom or it can be sprinkled on the surface of the water and allowed to settle to the bottom. There are three basic methods: the blanket method, the mixed blanket method and the sprinkle method. Bentonite is easily applied. In the case of small ponds, it can be applied with simple hand tools and for larger ponds, with ordinary farm equipment.